America’s Housing Shortage: The Impact on Home Prices and the Economy

Jun 22, 2023

By Vanessa Saunders, Founder & CEO – Global Property Systems

The United States is currently facing a significant housing shortage, resulting in high home prices that have barely fallen despite the increase in mortgage costs. This shortage has far-reaching implications for Americans, affecting their ability to build wealth, increasing the risk of homelessness, and impacting the overall economy. This article will delve into the numbers and explore the causes behind the housing deficit. We will also discuss how this shortage has contributed to the steady rise in home prices and the challenges it poses for prospective homebuyers. Additionally, if you are interested in obtaining local statistics for the Hudson Valley Counties or other regions, feel free to get in touch with us at

The Housing Deficit:
Estimates suggest that the country is currently facing a housing deficit of approximately 3.8 million units, encompassing both rental and for-sale properties. This deficit reflects the growing mismatch between the number of new households forming and the availability of homes to accommodate them. Factors contributing to this shortage include a lack of available labor for construction, land use, and zoning regulations, and the pushback against new construction, commonly known as NIMBYism.

The Impact on Home Prices:
The shortage of homes has significantly impacted home prices across the country. The median home price now stands at $419,103, which is a staggering 40% higher than in January 2020. Despite a slight decrease of 3.1% in the past year, prices have remained elevated due to the limited supply of homes. Many believed that the Fed’s rate hikes and subsequent increases in mortgage rates would drive prices down, making homes more affordable. However, the strong economy and the reluctance of homeowners to sell have prevented significant price declines.

Low Inventory and Bidding Wars:
The scarcity of available homes has resulted in a sharp decline in inventory. There are 39% fewer homes for sale compared to five years ago, according to Redfin. This low inventory level acts as a key factor in preventing substantial price decreases. In fact, if not for the housing shortage, prices would likely have increased by at least 15% over the past year. The scarcity has led to intense competition among buyers, with bidding wars becoming increasingly common. Initially discouraged by rising mortgage rates, first-time homebuyers are now focusing more on overall monthly payments and finding themselves constrained by a lack of inventory.

Local Insights:
The real estate market has experienced its own dynamics in the Hudson Valley Counties. For example, in Q1 2023, the region witnessed a surge in showing activity and an increase in pending sales due to a dip in mortgage rates to the low 6% range. However, closed sales were down compared to the same period last year:

– Single-Family Closed Sales: Decreased by 33.1% to 831.
– Condos Closed Sales: Decreased by 49.5% to 199.
– Co-ops Closed Sales: Decreased by 20.6% to 398.

Despite these challenges, there were some positive signs in terms of median sales prices in the Hudson Valley Counties. Take Westchester, for Example:

– Single-Family Median Sales Price: Increased by 4.9% to $762,500.
– Condos Median Sales Price: Decreased by 0.2% to $444,000.
– Co-ops Median Sales Price: Increased by 0.1% to $190,000.

It is worth noting that mortgage rates remained volatile during the first quarter, impacting affordability and market activity in the region. With fewer buyers competing for homes, price growth has softened nationwide, although inventory constraints have prevented significant declines. However, the demand for housing remains, and active buyers are capitalizing on any rate declines, leading to an uptick in contract signings, new construction, and existing-home sales.


America’s housing shortage has become a pressing issue with wide-ranging consequences. The scarcity of homes has driven up prices, making it difficult for many to enter the housing market and build wealth. Additionally, the risk of homelessness looms large for those without access to affordable housing. The shortage can be attributed to various factors, including labor shortages, regulatory barriers, and NIMBYism. As the economy remains strong and homeowners opt to hold onto their properties, the inventory of available homes continues to dwindle. To address this crisis, it is crucial to promote policies that encourage affordable housing development and alleviate the barriers hindering construction. Only by tackling the housing shortage can we hope to create a more equitable and sustainable housing market for all Americans. If you are interested in obtaining specific local statistics for the Hudson Valley Counties or other regions, please visit to get in touch with us and learn more.


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